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Sunfua - Đới làm giàu sunfua thứ sinh


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#1 L0nelyB0y_88

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    Posted 28 May 2009 - 04:10 PM

    Đề Bài : Điều kiện và phương thức thành tạo đới làm giàu sulfua thứ sinh từ các quặng của ---

    ---- Đây là bài mình share trên Google và tài liệu do một số thầy cung cấp. Tuy chưa hoàn thiện lắm ,nếu thấy hợp lý thì tải về theo link sau : Attached File  ks_viet_2_.doc   515K   202 downloads
      Attached File  Oxy_hoa_sun_phua.doc   679.5K   189 downloads
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      _____*yeu*_*yeu*________*yeu*_*yeu*_____ ___*yeu*______*yeu*_*yeu*_______*yeu*___ __*yeu*__________*yeu*__________*yeu*___ __*yeu*________________________*yeu*___ ___*yeu*________**_____*yeu*_____ ____*yeu*____________________*yeu*______ ______*yeu*________________*yeu*________ ________*yeu*____________*yeu*__________ __________*yeu*________*yeu*____________ ____________*yeu*____*yeu*______________ ______________*yeu**yeu*________________
      
      
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    Kính mời các đồng nghiệp xa gần đóng góp cho cuộc thi Chất Động Pangaea lần thứ XIII - năm 2016 Thời gian bắt đầu cuộc thi: 06/03/2016

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    #2 dangtrunghieu277

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    Posted 28 May 2009 - 04:13 PM

    chú sợ bị span àh,hay sao ma gui nhanh the

    #3 L0nelyB0y_88

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    Posted 28 May 2009 - 04:22 PM

    Dây là tài liêu hiếm đó ! Nên tải nhanh về mà làm nha!!
    Àh đây vào web này nữa nha : hay đó

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    Live : Family **_No1_**-Hà nội


       Posted Image


      _____*yeu*_*yeu*________*yeu*_*yeu*_____ ___*yeu*______*yeu*_*yeu*_______*yeu*___ __*yeu*__________*yeu*__________*yeu*___ __*yeu*________________________*yeu*___ ___*yeu*________**_____*yeu*_____ ____*yeu*____________________*yeu*______ ______*yeu*________________*yeu*________ ________*yeu*____________*yeu*__________ __________*yeu*________*yeu*____________ ____________*yeu*____*yeu*______________ ______________*yeu**yeu*________________
      
      
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    #4 thehung_humg

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    Posted 28 May 2009 - 06:09 PM

    View PostL0nelyB0y_88, on May 28 2009, 04:10 PM, said:

    Đề Bài : Điều kiện và phương thức thành tạo đới làm giàu sulfua thứ sinh từ các quặng của ---

    ---- Đây là bài mình share trên Google và tài liệu do một số thầy cung cấp. Tuy chưa hoàn thiện lắm ,nếu thấy hợp lý thì tải về theo link sau : Attachment DCKS_.doc
      Attachment sunfua thu sinh.doc
    Hi bạn L0nelyB0y_88
    Công nhận bạn thật nhiệt tình vì đã tìm trên mạng và còn dịch ra để mọi người có thể đọc, nhưng theo mình cậu nên để nguyên bản TA thì hay hơn vì mình thấy một số nghĩa hoàn toàn không giống thuật ngữ dùng trong khoáng sản  :cuoimim: . Thôi vậy mình post lại bản TA để mọi người đọc cho đúng với nguyên bản cua Tác giả Bernhard Dold. Và tiêu đề nên dịch là: Quá trình làm giàu trong ôxi hoá sulfur mỏ quặng nghèo (đuôi quặng): Bài học về sự hình thành quặng thứ sinh (biểu sinh)
    BB
    Leudiachat

    #5 quocphu67

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    Posted 23 April 2010 - 12:24 AM

    Biết thì thưa thốt, không biết thì dựa cột mà nghe. Bài full đâu ko post, post toàn những thứ vớ vẩn lên

    #6 AMETHYST

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    Posted 23 April 2010 - 11:47 PM

    View Postquocphu67, on 23 April 2010 - 12:24 AM, said:

    Biết thì thưa thốt, không biết thì dựa cột mà nghe. Bài full đâu ko post, post toàn những thứ vớ vẩn lên


    Đề nghị thành viên quocphu67 giữ thái độ đúng mực đối với thành viên khác. Dù bạn không thích hay không đồng tình với cách đưa tài liệu lên của Lonely_Boy thì bạn cũng không thề nói như vậy được. Tài liệu dù hay hay không hay nhưng chí ít, việc đóng góp tài liệu cho diễn đàn cũng là việc một việc đáng tôn trọng và học hỏi rồi.

    NGƯỜI ĐI TÌM NGỌC



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    #7 lanhlehuu

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    Posted 21 October 2011 - 10:23 PM

    Chào các bác !. Bác nào có tài liệu về mỏ cacbonatit thì cho em với ?. Thanhk các bác nghe.

    Chào các bác !. Bác nào có tài liệu về mỏ cacbonatit thì cho em với ?. Thanhk các bác nghe.

    Edited by lanhlehuu, 21 October 2011 - 10:25 PM.


    #8 ThanhdcB

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    Posted 22 October 2011 - 02:44 PM

    View Postlanhlehuu, on 21 October 2011 - 10:23 PM, said:

    Chào các bác !. Bác nào có tài liệu về mỏ cacbonatit thì cho em với ?. Thanhk các bác nghe.

    Chào các bác !. Bác nào có tài liệu về mỏ cacbonatit thì cho em với ?. Thanhk các bác nghe.

    Carbonatite
        
            

                        Posted Image                              Carbonatites       sometimes contain economic or anomalous concentrations of rare earth       elements, phosphorus, niobium, uranium, thorium, copper, iron,       titanium, barium, fluorine, zirconium, and other rare or incompatible       elements. Geochemically, the carbonatites are dominated by       incompatible elements (Ba, Cs, Rb) and depletions in compatible       elements (Hf, Zr, Ti).
          
              The History Says
           Only one carbonatite volcano in historical time is known to have       erupted i.e. Ol Doinyo Lengai in Tanzania. It erupted the lowest       temperature lava ever in the world, at only 500-600°C (930-1,100°F).       The lava is dominated by natrolite and trona, and sodic calcite.      


                      Carbonatites       are composed of calcite (or dolomite) of the igneous origin.       Minerology defines it as intrusive igneous rocks which is greater than       50% carbonate (CO3-bearing) minerals and less than 10% SiO2.       Sometimes carbonatites are confused with marble, and it requires       geochemical verification.
          
           Almost all the carbonatite occurrences are either intrusives or       subvolcanic intrusives. The reason for it is that the carbonatite lava       flows dissolve quickly in the atmosphere. It has been poorly preserved       throughout Earth's history.
          
           There are 330 known carbonatite localities on Earth, mostly shallow       intrusive bodies of calcite-rich igneous rock which are in the form of       valcanic necks, dikes, and cone-sheets. These forms usually occur in       association with larger intrusions of alkali-rich silicate igneous       rocks.
          
           In historical time, only one carbonatite volcano is known to have       erupted. It is Ol Doinyo Lengai in Tanzania. It erupted at the lowest       temperature lava in the world, i.e. at 500-600 degrees Celsius       (930-1,100 degrees F). The lavas are dominated by natrolite and trona,       sodic calcite.
              


                             Models of Carbonatites Formation
           Carbonatites are rare, and is formed by unusual processes and from       unusual source rocks. Few of them are as follows:


        
    • Direct         generation at a very low degree partial melts in the mantle and the         melt differentiation.
    • Liquid         immiscibility between carbonate and silicate melt.
    • Peculiar,         extreme crystal fractionation.
                      Evidences       for the above processes do exists, but the key is that these are       unusual phenomenon. In past, it was thought that carbonatites are       formed by melting of limestone or marble by the intrusion of magma,       however geochemical and mineralogical data discount this.
              


                             Deposits of Carbonatites
           The deposits of carbonatites exist in the following places:


        
    • Oka,         Quebec
    • Iron         Hill and Gem Park, Colorado
    • Magnet         Cove, Arkansas
    • St.         Honore, Quebec
    • Mountain         Pass, California
    • Phalaborwa,         South Africa
    • Jacupiranga,         Brazil
    • Kovdor,         Russia
    • India        
    • Mount         Weld and Mud Tank, Australia
      Carbonatites (file:///C:/Users/SOLUUH%7E1/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.gif

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    ) are

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    or

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    defined by mineralogic composition consisting of greater than 50 percent

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    .

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    Carbonatites may be confused with

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    , and may require geochemical verification.

      Carbonatites usually occur as small

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    within zoned alkalic intrusive complexes, or as

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    ,

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    ,

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    , and

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    . They are, almost exclusively, associated with continental

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    -related tectonic settings. The majority of carbonatites are

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    or

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    in age. It seems that there has been a steady increase in the carbonatitic igneous activity through the Earth's history, from

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    to present.

      Nearly all carbonatite occurrences are intrusives or

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    intrusives. This is because carbonatite

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    flows are unstable and react quickly in the

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    . Carbonatite lavas may not be as uncommon as thought, but have been poorly preserved throughout

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    .

      Only one carbonatite

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    is known to have erupted in historical time,

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    in

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    . It erupted the lowest temperature lava in the world, at 500-600 °C. The lava is

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    dominated by

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    and

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    .

      
    Genesis

      Carbonatites are rare, peculiar igneous rocks formed by unusual processes and from unusual source rocks. Three models of their formation exist:

      direct generation by very low degree partial melts in the

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    and melt

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      liquid

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    between a carbonate melt and a

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    melt

      peculiar, extreme crystal fractionation

      Evidence for each process exists, but the key is that these are unusual phenomena. Historically, carbonatites were thought to form by melting of

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    or

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    by intrusion of

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    , however geochemical and mineralogical data discount this.

      Mineralogy

      Primary mineralogy is highly variable, but may include

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    group minerals, and other rare minerals not found in more common igneous rocks. Recognition of carbonatites may be difficult, especially as their mineralogy and texture may not differ much from

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    save for the presence of igneous minerals. They may also be sources of

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    or

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    .

      Carbonatites are classed as

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    (coarse textured) and

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    (finer textured) varieties or facies. The two are also distinguished by minor and

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    composition.

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    The terms rauhaugite and beforsite refer to

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    and

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    rich occurrences respectively. The alkali-carbonatites are termed lengaite. Examples with 50 - 70% carbonate minerals are termed silico-carbonatites.

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    Additionally carbonatites may be either enriched in

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    and

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    or

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    ,

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    and

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    .

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    is made up largely of two minerals, nyerereite (named after

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    , the first president of independent

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    ) and gregoryite (named after

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    , one of the first geologists to study the

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    and author of the book The Great Rift Valley). These minerals are both

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    in which

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    and

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    are present in significant quantities. Both are

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    and when they come into contact with the moisture of the atmosphere, they begin to react extremely quickly. The black or dark brown lava and ash erupted begins to turn white within a few hours.

      Geochemistry

      Carbonatite is composed predominatly of

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    and extremely unusual in its major element composition as compared to silicate igneous rocks, obviously because it is composed primarily of Na2O and CaO plus CO2.

      Most carbonatites tend to include some silicate mineral fraction; by definition an igneous rock containing >50% carbonate minerals is classified as a carbonatite. Silicate minerals associated with such compositions are

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    ,

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    , and silica-undersaturated minerals such as

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    and other

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    .

      Geochemically, carbonatites are dominated by incompatible elements (Ba, Cs, Rb) and depletions in compatible elements (Hf, Zr, Ti). This together with their silica-undersaturated composition supports inferences that carbonatites are formed by low degrees of

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    .

      A specific type of hydrothermal alteration termed fenitization is typically associated with carbonatite intrusions. This alteration assemblage produces a unique rock mineralogy termed a fenite after its type locality, the

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    in

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    . The alteration consists of

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    halos consisting of sodium rich

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    ,

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    and

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    along with

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    ,

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    and other iron and titanium oxides.

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      Occurrence

      Associated igneous rocks typically include

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    , silica undersaturated foid-bearing

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    (

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    ), and

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    .

      Carbonatites are typically associated with undersaturated (low

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    ) igneous rocks that are either alkali (Na2O and K2O), ferric iron (Fe2O3) and

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    -rich

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    rocks or alkali-poor, FeO-CaO-MgO-rich and zirconium-poor

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    rocks.

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      The

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    carbonatite is unassociated with a belt or suite of alkaline igneous rocks, although calc-alkaline magmas are known in the region. The genesis of this Archaean carbonatite remains contentious as it is the sole example of an Archaean carbonatite in Australia.

      Intrusive morphology

      Carbonatite is known to form in association with concentrically zoned complexes of alkaline-igneous rocks, the typical example of this being Phalaborwa, South Africa.

      

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    carbonatites take the form of sills,

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    and rare dikes are reported in the

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    .

      The Mud Tank and Mount Weld carbonatites take the form of multi-stage cylindrical intrusive bodies with several distinct phases of carbonatite intrusion. Smaller carbonatite sills and dikes are present in other

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    mobile belts in Australia, typically as dikes and discontinuous pods.

      Known examples

      Dozens of carbonatites are known including

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    and

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    ;

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    and

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    ;

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    ,

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    ;

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    ;

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    the

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    near

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    ,

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    ;

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    ,

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    ;

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    ;

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    ,

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    , from

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    ; the

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    and

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    , Australia; the

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    ; the Basal Complex of

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    ,

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    .

      The

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    volcano, in the

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    , Africa, is the world's only active carbonatite volcano. Other older carbonatite volcanoes are located in the same region, including

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    .

      Economic importance

      Carbonatites may contain economic or anomalous concentrations of

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    elements,

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    ,

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    -

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    ,

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    , and other rare or incompatible elements.

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    ,

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    and

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    are among the industrially important minerals associated with some carbonatites.

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      Vein deposits of

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    ,

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    , or

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    elements may be associated with carbonatites, and may be hosted internal to or within the

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    aureole of a carbonatite.

      As an example the Palabora complex of

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    has produced significant copper (as

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    ,

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    and

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    ), apatite, vermiculte along with lesser magnetite,

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    (

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    ),

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    (zirconium-hafnium), and by-product

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    ,

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